Soviet Union republics owe $2 trillion to Russia
of the former Soviet Union calculate the damage, which they suffered
from the so-called "Soviet occupation." Deputies of
the Russian Federation parliament asked specialists of the Auditing
Chamber to give their financial estimations of to how much money
Russia could claim from the members of the former USSR in return.
deputy, Viktor Alksnis, said that auditors could receive the information
regarding the share of the three Baltic states (Lithuania, Latvia
and Estonia) in the foreign debt of the USSR - $3.06 billion.
The property of the Soviet Army, which was left in those countries,
is evaluated in the sum of 32.2 billion rubles (according to the
price level of 1991). In addition, Russia had to spend five billion
rubles more on the deployment of military units which had been
withdrawn from the above-mentioned states. It is worthy of note
that the cost of the Russian ruble was equal to the cost of the
US dollar in 1991.
to be the object of rapacious and cynical exploitation during
the Soviet era. Seventy-five percent of the USSR's budget was
made of assignments from the Russian Federation. The money was
used for the development of economic systems of the Caucasus,
Asia and the Baltic region.
countries always took top positions of the list of Soviet investments.
The government of the USSR used to invest billions of rubles in
their economies: their debt to Russia was thus evaluated at $220
billion. The Soviet Union wanted to organize unique, elite and
high-tech productions on their territories. The nuclear power
plant, which was built in Lithuania at the expense of the USSR,
still guarantees 60 percent of this country's demand in electric
power. The ferry-boat communication with the German Democratic
Republic cost some $3 billion; the airbase, which currently stations
NATO bomber planes, cost one billion dollars.
billion rubles were invested in the economy of Georgia from 1935
to 1975. The cash flow was not interrupted in the republic even
during the wartime years. According to official statistics of
that period, the Georgian tea industry was manufacturing 82,5
thousand tons of tea a year in 1975 (the tea was consumed all
across the USSR).
of Armenia, which currently experiences serious problems with
electric power supplies, left Italy behind in 1975 on the electric
power production per capita. No wonder that electricity vanished
in Armenia afterwards: there are hardly any mineral resources
in the country.
earthquake leveled Tashkent, the capital of the Uzbekistan republic,
in 1966. A beautiful city appeared on the ruins of a sadly-looking
town several years later: Russia recreated 664.8 thousand square
meters of its territory.
The city of
Baku, the capital of the Azerbaijan republic, used to be a fortress
until a Russian merchant launched the development of the oil industry
in the country.
has to be raised as to where all those countries be without the
"Soviet occupation?" Where did the industrial system
of the Caucasus go after the collapse of the Soviet Union? They
successfully destroyed the infrastructure that they inherited
from the erstwhile superpower. To crown it all, the citizens of
those republics still prefer to leave their homes and travel to
the Russian Federation to earn some money.
Russia still has special prices for the former Soviet republics
to purchase electric power, oil and gas. On the other hand, as
soon as the Baltic states became EU members, they told Russia
to buy their goods at standard European prices, in which discounts
were excluded. According to expert estimates, up to 40 percent
of the Latvian budget is formed with the help of Russian freight
The USSR used
to be formed around Russia. Russia did not occupy the neighbouring
republics. Russia today is viewed as just a piece of the former
Soviet Union, like any other republic which used to be connected
with it in the past. One may say that Russia did not have its
present before the collapse of the USSR: there was no Russian
Academy of Sciences, no institutes of Russian traditions, history
and language, etc. There were not enough teachers in small Russian
towns, because there was a strong lack of teachers in Uzbekistan,
If all democratic
countries, which used to be included in the structure of the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics, were asked to pay their debts to
Russia, if one could expand it with the debt amounts, which Russia
pays for them now to foreign creditors, they would have to return
more than two trillion dollars.
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